Teacher Guide for APPLESEEDS: Egypt

October 2006

Teacher's Guide prepared by Gail Hennessey who has taught 6th grade social studies for 33 years and has a helpful website for teachers at

******Ahlan wa sahlan (ah-lan wa sah-lan) Hello in Arabic(the language of the Egyptians)

Introduction to Egypt:

When you think of Egypt, what comes to mind? Mummies, Pyramids, the world's longest river? Open the magazine to page 2 and ask the students to brainstorm all the different types of jobs that people might have done in ancient Egypt.

Look at page 3 and the ads for the different jobs. Ask the students which job they would most like to apply to do and why. Have the students make a list of the jobs in order of what they feel is the most important to the least. Compare the lists with the students and have them explain their reasons for the rankings.
Look at the map on page 4. Why is living near a river so important for people? (food, water supply, transportation, fertile land, water power)

Read the article, Daily Lives of Egyptian Children pages 5-7
Write a letter to someone pretending to be either a wealthy child , poor child or child of a slave family. Give three facts about what your life would be live from information learned in the reading.

Read the article, Pharaohs,, Rulers of Ancient Egypt pages 8-9
True or False: If F, correct to make the statement, true.
1. A job of a pharaoh was passed down from one family member to another.
2. A pharaoh's was believed to be a god in human form.
3. A pharaoh's life was too important to go into battle with his army.
4. The main residence of a pharaoh was in Giza.
5. There was only one female pharaoh in ancient Egyptian history.
6. A pharaoh had lots of free time to do as he wished.

Read the article Steps and Stone, pages 10-13
Pretend you were one of the people involved with building the pyramids(worker, overseer, architect, etc.). Write a postcard to someone back home explaining about your day at the site. Include 4 facts learned from the article.
Find the answers to the following questions.
1. For whom was the Great Pyramid built?
2. Why were pyramids built on the west side of the Nile?
3. What was placed on the blocks so that they sparkled in the sunshine?
4. What was the material used for the capstone of the pyramid?
***http://www.guardians.net/egypt/gp1.htm- take a wonderful tour INSIDE the Great Pyramid.

Read the article, All Wrapped Up on pages 14-17
After reading the article, ask students to make up a list of 5 items they would pack to place with their mummy for archeologists to find one day to tell about the times in which they lived. Have the students give a reason for the items they would pack with them.
Fill in the Blank:
1. Canopic jars were vases to place the mummified________.
2. It took about ________days to finish the mummification process.
3. Which organ was usually placed back into the mummified body?
4. How was the brain removed from the body?
*Tell the students that the brain was thrown away because it wasn""'t thought to be important. 
5. What was the salt-like chemical that helped to dry out the body?
6. What was an amulet?
7. How were the arms arranged on the body?
* Tell the students that in addition to people, cats,monkeys, fish, birds, crocodiles and bulls, a gerbil (with a pack of food) and even a lion were mummified. Read about the discovery of the first mummified lion at: http://www.cnn.com/2004/TECH/science/01/14/lion.mummy.ap/
Learn more about mummies and the mummy making process:


Read the article, Scribes, pages 18-21
Draw a picture of a scribe and write five facts learned about the writing system of the ancient Egyptians and scribes. 
Make a cartouche using hardening clay and have the students write their initials in hieroglphics(see: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/pyramid/hieroglyph/hieroglyph4.html )
Have the students pretend to be scribes and using the hieroglyphic writing system, write a brief message to exchange to be translated by another student. (see a sample of hieroglyphics on the site listed above)


Trivia: Have the students work in groups and search the issue to answer the following questions.
1. Who was the first recorded female doctor in history?
2. About how many gods and goddesses were worshiped by the ancient Egyptians?
3. In addition to his face and head, what did a priest also shave in his daily cleansing practices?
4. What was the name for the Egyptian's spirit?
5. Before sealing the temple for the night, what did a priest do as he backed away from the temple?
6.What was a water lifting device of the ancient Egyptians called?
7. About how many miles long is the Nile River, the longest in the world?
8. What is the name of the first pyramid of ancient Egypt?
9. How long did the boy-king, Tutankhamen rule?
10. What was the ancient Egyptian book about the afterlife called?
11. Who was the god of the scribes?
12. With papyrus being very expensive, what did student scribes practice their writing on?
13. In the ancient Egyptian math, there was no symbol for ______.
14. Who was Nefertiti?

Activities:

Read the original version of Cinderella at : http://www.unc.edu/~rwilkers/resource-egypt.htm

Review Egyptian foods and try and make aish( flatbread) of Egyptians.(see:http://touregypt.net/recipes/recipeweek08022004.htm)

Listen to Egyptian music:http://www.focusmm.com/egypt/eg_musmn.htm


GREAT websites for more information on Egypt

http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/menu.html

http://www.guardians.net/egypt

/http://www.nationalgeographic.com/egypt/index.html

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/pyramid/

http://www.timeforkids.com/TFK/hh/goplaces/main/0,20344,535892,00.html

Answers:

True and False:

1. T 2. T 3. F(went into battle) 4. F (Memphis or Thebes) 5. F (at least 4) 6. F (Day was very busy)


Short Answers:
1.Khufu
2. Spirits went there every night
3.limestone
4. gold

Fill in the blanks:
1. organs
2.70 days
3. Heart
4. pulled out with a metal hook inserted into the nose
5. natron
6. good luck objects to protect against evil
7. folded across the chest

Trivia:
1. Lady Peseshet
2. About 2000
3. eyebrows
4. ka
5. swept away his footprints
6. shaduf or shadoof
7. 4000 miles
8. Step Pyramid of Djoser
9. 9 years
10. Book of the Dead
11. Thoth
12.fragments of pottery called ostraca
13. zero
14. an important queen of ancient Egypt




http://www.gailhennessey.com. Download a free copy of her fun "To Tell the Truth Play on King Tut" at her website.

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